Eye drops


Eye Drops

1. Eye Drops Definition

Eye drops are suspension of drugs or a sterile solution. Eye drops are indicated to produce a local effect directly on the eye.

Eye drops can be prescribed to treat many symptoms that affect the eyes, including:
- Burning;
- Discharge;
- Excessive watering;
- Infections;
- Itchiness;
- Redness.

Such symptoms can be caused by a variety of conditions including:
- Allergies;
- Chronic dryness;
- Eye infections.

2. Classes of Eye Drops

2.1. Antihistamine eye drops.

Drugs that attach to histamine receptors, preventing the chemical histamine from triggering symptoms of an allergic reaction.
- Alergoftal;
- Allergo Comod;
- Azelastine (Optivar);
- Cromolux;
- Ketotifen (Zaditor);
- Patanol (Olopatadine);
- Emedastine (Emadine);
- Pheniramine (Opcon-A);

2.2. Decongestant eye drops.

Shrink blood vessels in the eyes that are swollen because of exposure to an allergen:
- Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride (Visine, Murine Plus, Eyesine);
- Naphazoline hydrochloride (Albalon, Vasocon, Allerest);

2.3. Antihistamine/decongestant combination eye drops.

Antihistamines and decongestants combination:
- Visine-A;
- Opcon-A;
- Naphcon-A;

2.4. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) eye drops.

Inhibit the body's ability to produce chemicals called prostaglandins, which are released during an allergic reaction.
- Acular (Ketorolac);
- Nepafenac (Nevanac);
- Sodium Sulamyd;

2.5. Corticosteroid eye drops.

Decreases inflammation during an allergic reaction by mimicking the behavior of cortisol, a hormone in the body that aids proper body function during stressful situations:
- Flomex (Fluorometholone, FML);
- Loteflam (Loteprednol etabonate, Lotemax, Alrex);
- Pred Forte (Prednisone acetate, EconoPred);

2.6. Mast cell stabilizers (MCS) and MCS combination eye drops.

Strengthen the mast cells to prevent them from releasing histamine and other chemicals that contribute to the symptoms of an allergic reaction:
- Azelastine (Astelin);
- Cromal (Cromolyn, Crolom);
- Emedastine (Emadine);
- Epina;
- Ketotifen (Zaditor);
- Lodoxamide (Alomide);
- Nedocromil (Alocril);
- Olopatadine hydrochloride (Patanol);
- Pemirolast (Alamast);

2.7. Artificial tears/saline solution/ointment eye drops.

Lubricate, dilute and wash away offending allergens:
- Vision White Petroleum Mineral Oil;
- Tears Renewed;
- Refresh;
- Liquifilm Tears;
- Adsorbotear;

2.8. Antibiotic eye drops.

Eye drops prescribed to treat bacterial infections:
- Brulamycin;
- Cipmox (Ciprofloxacin, Cipro, Ciplox);
- Erythromycin (Erycette, Akne-Mycin);
- Gentamicin (Garamycin, Genoptic, Cidomycin);
- Ocuflox (Ofloxacin, Floxin);
- Sulfacetamide (Sulfex, Cetamide);
- Tobrex (Tobramycin);
- Vigamox (Monofloxacin);
- Zymar (Gatafloxin);

2.9. Antiviral eye drops.

Eye drops prescribed to treat herpes eye infections:
- Trifluridine (Viroptic);
- Trifluorothymidine;
- Idoxuridine (Herplex Liquifilm);
- Adenine arabinoside (Vira-A);

2.10. Glaucoma eye drops.

Eye drops prescribed in the treatment of glaucoma:
- Allergan;
- Alphagan;
- Azopt;
- Betagan (Levobunolol, AKBeta);
- Betoptic (Betaxolol, Kerlone);
- Combigan
- Dorzox (Dorzolamide, Trusopt);
- Isopto;
- Lumigan;
- Latim (Latanoprost, Xalatan);
- Metipranolol (OptiPranolol);
- Timolol (Cosopt, Timoptic, Blocadren);
- Travatan;
- Pilagan (Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Carpine);

3. Conditions of concern with eye drops

Eye drops can be a great benefit to most who suffer from eye allergies. However, some patients have conditions that should be weighed before a decision is made on treatment. A physician should be informed of the following:
- Breastfeeding;
- Contact lens use;
- Diabetes. Decongestants can worsen this condition;
- Difficulty urinating due to an enlarged prostate. Drugs containing antihistamines can aggravate this condition;
- Eye disease or injury. Problems that stem from these conditions may be confused with side effects of the drug ophthalmic naphazoline;
- Glaucoma. Using antihistamines with decongestants can aggravate this condition;
- Heart disease. Using antihistamines with decongestants can aggravate some heart conditions;
- Hemophilia or other bleeding disorders. Anti-inflammatories can worsen these conditions;
- High blood pressure. Using antihistamines with decongestants can aggravate this condition;
- Drugs currently taken by the patient;
- Overactive thyroid. Drugs containing naphazoline can worsen this condition;
- Past allergic reactions to antihistamines, decongestants, aspirin and other drugs;
- Pregnancy or intention to become pregnant;
- Present bacterial infection of the eye, including pink eye (conjunctivitis);

4. Side effects of eye drops

Most side effects related to eye drop use are minor:
- Achy eyes;
- Blurry vision;
- Burning stinging eyes;
- Crusting in eyelids eyelashes or corner of eyes;
- Darkening of skin around eye lashes;
- Dilated pupils;
- Drowsiness;
- Eye dryness;
- Eye puffiness;
- Headaches;
- Lengthening or thickening of eye lashes;
- Nose dryness;
- Redness around eyes;
- Runny or stuffy nose;
- Sensation of foreign object in eyes;
- Taste of drops in throat;
- Tingling sensation in the eye;
- Watery eyes.

Antibiotics
Brulamycin
Ciloxan
Ciplox
Cipmox
Garamycin
Maxitrol
Ocuflox
Sofracort
Soframycin
Tobrex
Vigamox
Zymar
Antihistamine
Alergoftal
Allergo Comod
Cromolux
Ketotifen
Livostin
Opatanol
Patanol
Zaditor
Corticosteroids
Flomex
FML
Fluorometholone
Loteflam
Pred Forte
Decongestants
Albalon
Glaucoma
Allergan
Alphagan
Azopt
Azoptic
Betagan
Betaxolol
Betoptic
Bimatoprost
Brimodin P
Brimonidine
Combigan
Cosopt
Dorzolamide
Dorzox
Isopto
Latim
Lumigan
Pilagan
Pilopt
Phospholine Iodide
Timolol
Timoptic
Timpilo
Travatan
Trusopt
Xalacom
Xalatan
Mast cell stabilizers
Crolom
Cromal
Epina
NSAID
Acular
Acularen
Cyclosporine
Sodium Sulamyd
Others
Adsorbonac
Celluvisc
Cyclogyl
Epinastine
Flur
Flarex
Glaucoprost
Iobrim
Iotim
Methopt
Mydriacyl
Oxyal
Propine
Restasis
Tears
Tropicamide
Vistil


Drugs without scripts
Drugs without scripts


EyeDropsInfo.com © 2009 - 2012